Children's Vision

Birth to 12 Months

Of our five senses, vision is the least developed at birth; however, by age two months vision becomes our most dominant sense. By the time children reach age 12 months, they have already achieved many vision development milestones, including:

  • Following people
  • Memory and vision begin to connect
  • Reaching for and grasping objects
  • Crawling toward toys
  • Responding to facial expressions of those around them

As a parent or caregiver, you also play an important role in your child’s eye and vision development by watching for signs of potential problems or eye disorders. Eye and vision problems detected early can help to ensure your child has the opportunities they need to develop their visual skills, grow, and learn.

There are also many things you can do to help your child’s vision develop:

  • Use a nightlight or dim lamp in your baby's room
  • Change the crib's position frequently and your child's position in it
  • Talk to your child as you walk around the room
  • Give your baby plenty of time to play on the floor
  • Let your child play with blocks
  • Play hide and seek

School Age Children

As your child grows and starts school, even more demands are placed on their vision. Reading, writing, and computer work are only a few of the things school age children are tasked with at school that requires clear vision. Children also have other needs to see clearly, including sports, where they may require special glasses or goggles to help them see well on the field or in the pool.

Vision changes can be subtle and occur without detection. If you think your child – at any age – may have a vision problem, schedule an eye exam with an eye care professional.